Psychological and family factors associated with suicidal ideation in pre-adolescents

Ferran Viñas, Josepa Canals, M. Eugenia Gras, Claudia Ros, Edelmira Domènech-Llaberia

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    16 Citations (Scopus)


    To assess the psychological and family factors associated with suicidal ideation in preadolescent children, we studied a sample of 361 students, average age 9 years old. Two groups were formed, on the basis of the presence (n = 34) or absence (n = 44) of suicidal ideation. Suicidal ideation was assessed with the Children's Depression Inventory and the Children's Depression Rating Scale-Revised. Depression, hopelessness, self-esteem, and perceived family environment were compared in both the suicidal ideation and the control groups. Students with suicidal ideation generally presented greater depressive symptoms and hopelessness, and lower self-esteem and family expressiveness, although there were differences both between sexes, and when the variable depression was controlled. Identifying these risk factors in pre-adolescents may have an impact on prevention of suicidal behavior at higher risk ages.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)20-28
    JournalSpanish Journal of Psychology
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2002


    • Children
    • Depression
    • Hopelessness
    • Self-esteem and perceived family environment
    • Suicidal ideation


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