Psychiatric, behavioural and social risk factors for HIV infection among female drug users

Gail Gilchrist, Alicia Blazquez, Marta Torrens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


Female drug users report greater psychopathology and risk behaviours than male drug users, putting them at greater risk for HIV. This mixed-methods study determined psychiatric, behavioural and social risk factors for HIV among 118 female drug users (27% (32/118) were HIV seropositive) in Barcelona. DSM-IV disorders were assessed using the Spanish Psychiatric Research Interview for Substance and Mental Disorders. 30 participants were interviewed in-depth. In stepwise multiple backward logistic regression, ever injected with a used syringe, antisocial personality disorder, had an HIV seropositive sexual partner and substance-induced major depressive disorder were associated with HIV seropositivity. Qualitative findings illustrate the complex ways in which psychiatric disorders and male drug-using partners interact with these risk factors. Interventions should address all aspects of female drug users' lives to reduce HIV. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1834-1843
JournalAIDS and Behavior
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2011


  • Antisocial personality disorder
  • Female drug users
  • HIV
  • HIV risk behaviours
  • Substance-induced depression


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