Within the disease psitacosis, there are a multitude of syndromes in existence throughout the world, affecting most birds and mammals, specially psitacines. It's caused by Chlamydia psittaci. There are many symptoms ranging from asymptomatic (including silent carriers) to critical cases. The existence of particles resulting from the dry feces is responsible for approximately 10% of all cases of atypical pneumoniae observed in humans beings. Chlamydia psittaci is transmitted by oronasal route frequently. In order to carry out a proper diagnosis clinics must use serology, specifically ELISA or FC tests. The treatment of both human and birds entails the use of antibiotics accompanied by symptomatic treatment. The most effective means of control and prophylaxis reside in adequate handling and effective customs, including quarantine administering antibiotics. Unfortunately there is no vaccine for birds yet, there are vaccines in existence for some mammals, humans included.
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 1994|
- Chlamydia psittaci
- latent infections