Protein aggregation into insoluble deposits protects from oxidative stress

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Abstract

© 2017 The Authors Protein misfolding and aggregation have been associated with the onset of neurodegenerative disorders. Recent studies demonstrate that the aggregation process can result in a high diversity of protein conformational states, however the identity of the specific species responsible for the cellular damage is still unclear. Here, we use yeast as a model to systematically analyse the intracellular effect of expressing 21 variants of the amyloid-ß-peptide, engineered to cover a continuous range of intrinsic aggregation propensities. We demonstrate the existence of a striking negative correlation between the aggregation propensity of a given variant and the oxidative stress it elicits. Interestingly, each variant generates a specific distribution of protein assemblies in the cell. This allowed us to identify the aggregated species that remain diffusely distributed in the cytosol and are unable to coalesce into large protein inclusions as those causing the highest levels of oxidative damage. Overall, our results indicate that the formation of large insoluble aggregates may act as a protective mechanism to avoid cellular oxidative stress.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)699-711
JournalRedox Biology
Volume12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2017

Keywords

  • Amyloid peptide
  • Oxidative stress
  • Protein aggregation
  • Protein inclusions
  • Yeast

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