Prophylaxis with ketotifen in rats with portal hypertension: Involvement of mast cell and eicosanoids

Fernando Sánchez-Patán, Raquel Anchuelo, Elena Vara, Cruz García, Yolanoa Saavedra, Patri Vergara, Carmen Cuellar, Marta Rodero, Maria Angeles Aller, Jaime Arias

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Abstract

Background: Since we have previously shown an increase of mast cells in the small bowel and in the mesenteric lymph nodes in the rats with prehepatic portal hypertension, it can be hypothesized that this essential inflammatory cell would be involved in the pathogeny of the splanchnic changes related to portal hypertension. Methods: To verify this hypothesis, we first studied mast cell infiltration in the ileum and in the mesenteric lymph nodes in sham-operated male Wistar rats (n=12) and in short-term prehepatic portal hypertensive rats (n=12), and the serum levels of rat mast cell protease II (RMCP-II) by ELISA. In a second set of experiments ketotifen, a mast cell stabilizer drug, was administered to sham-operated (n=10) and portal hypertensive (n=12) rats 24 hours before the intervention and prostanoids (PGE2, PGI2, TXB2) and leukotrienes (LTC4, LTB4) were assayed by RIA, mast cell infiltration in the ileum and in the mesenteric lymph nodes and the serum levels of RMCP-II were also studied, to show its effectiveness to prevent the mesenteric alterations produced by the inflammatory mediators released by the mast cell. Results: Forty-eight hours after the intervention RMCP-II (P<0.05), PGE2 (P<0.001) and LTC4 serum levels decreased and mast cell number and RMCP-II levels increased in mesenteric lymph nodes in portal hypertensive rats. Prophylactic administration of ketotifen reduced portal pressure (P<0.001), serum levels of PGE2 (P<0.001) and RMCP-II (P<0.001) in mesenteric lymph nodes. Conclusions: In acute portal hypertension in the rat, the mast cell translocation from intestinal mucosa to mesenteric lymph nodes, where they are activated and degranulates, would represent a defence mechanism to avoid the activation of an acute and massive inflammatory response in this location. Prophylactic administration of ketotifen is able to reduce the splanchnic inflammatory changes related to acute portal hypertension in the rat. © 2008, Hepatobiliary Pancreat Dis Int. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)383-394
JournalHepatobiliary and Pancreatic Diseases International
Volume7
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2008

Keywords

  • Leukotrienes
  • Mast cell
  • Portal hypertension
  • Prostaglandins

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    Sánchez-Patán, F., Anchuelo, R., Vara, E., García, C., Saavedra, Y., Vergara, P., Cuellar, C., Rodero, M., Aller, M. A., & Arias, J. (2008). Prophylaxis with ketotifen in rats with portal hypertension: Involvement of mast cell and eicosanoids. Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Diseases International, 7(4), 383-394.