Proof of Concept on Functionality Improvement of Mesenchymal Stem-Cells, in Postmenopausal Osteoporotic Women Treated with Teriparatide (PTH1-34), After Suffering Atypical Fractures

Antonio Casado-Díaz, Gabriel Dorado, Mercè Giner, María José Montoya, Cristina Navarro-Valverde, Adolfo Díez-Pérez, José Manuel Quesada-Gómez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearch

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2019, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature. Osteoporosis long-term treatment with nitrogen-containing bisphosphonates, has been associated with uncommon adverse effects, as atypical femoral fractures (AFF). Thus, treatment with teriparatide (TPTD; fragment of human parathyroid hormone; PTH1−34) has been proposed for such patients. Besides its anabolizing effect on bone, TPTD may affect stem-cell mobilization and expansion. Bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMNC) were isolated from five women that had suffered AFF associated to bisphosphonate treatment, before and after 6 months of TPTD therapy. The presence of mesenchymal stromal cells (CD73, CD90 and CD105 positive cells), gene expression of NANOG, SOX2 and OCT4, proliferation, senescence and capacity to differentiate into osteoblasts and adipocytes were analyzed. After TPTD treatment, BMMNC positive cells for CD73, CD90 and CD105 increased from 6.5 to 37.5% (p < 0.05); NANOG, SOX2 and OCT4 were upregulated, being statistically significant for NANOG (p < 0.05), and cells increased proliferative capacity more than 50% at day 7 (p < 0.05). Senescence was reduced 2.5-fold (p < 0.05), increasing differentiation capacity into osteoblasts and adipocytes, with more than twice mineralization capacity of extracellular matrix or fat-droplet formation (p < 0.05), respectively. Results show that TPTD treatment caused BMMNC “rejuvenation”, increasing the number of cells in a more undifferentiated stage, with higher differentiation potency. This effect may favor TPTD anabolic action on bone in such patients with AFF, increasing osteoblast precursor cells. Such response could also arise in other osteoporotic patients treated with TPTD, without previous AFF. Furthermore, our data suggest that TPTD effect on stromal cells may have clinical implications for bone-regenerative medicine. Further studies may deepen on this potential.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)631-640
JournalCalcified Tissue International
Volume104
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2019

Keywords

  • Atypical femoral fractures
  • Cellular differentiation
  • Osteoporosis
  • Parathormone
  • Regenerative medicine

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