Programmable organic chipless rfid tags inkjet printed on paper substrates

Miquel Moras, Carme Martínez-Domingo, Roger Escudé, Cristian Herrojo, Ferran Paredes, Lluís Terés, Ferran Martín, Eloi Ramon*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


In this paper, an organic, fully recyclable and eco-friendly 20-bit inkjet-printed chipless RFID tag is presented. The tag operates in the near field and is implemented by means of chains of resonant elements. The characterization and manufacturing process of the tag, printed with a few layers of a commercial organic ink on conventional paper substrate (DIN A4), are presented, and tag functionality is demonstrated by reading it by means of a custom-designed reader. The tags are read by proximity (through the near field), by displacing them over a resonator-loaded transmission line, and each resonant element (bit) of the tag is interrogated by a harmonic signal tuned to the resonance frequency. The coupling between the reader line and the resonant elements of the tag produce and amplitude modulated (AM) signal containing the identification (ID) code of the tag.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7832
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2021


  • Authentication
  • Chipless RFID
  • Inkjet printing
  • Organic inks
  • Printed electronics
  • Secure paper


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