Production of native and recombinant lipases by Candida rugosa

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    The yeast Candida rugosa produces multiple lipase isoenzymes sharing high sequence homology but with some differences in their catalytic properties. The regulation of C. rugosa lipase (CRL) synthesis and secretion in C. rugosa obeys a complex pattern. Fermentation processes for both wild-type and mutant C. rugosa strains are available for lipase production. Native CRL preparations have been extensively used for biotransformations. However, their inherent mixture of isoforms with variable profiles complicates interpretation and brings into question the reproducibility achieved between preparations. Although heterologous CRLs gene expression had been hampered owing to a nonuniversal codon usage, recent advances have made heterologous CRLs available. This will expand and improve the industrial utility of CRLs even further. The purpose of this review is to provide a summary of the recent advances on the production of native and recombinant lipases by C. rugosa.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)221-255
    JournalApplied Biochemistry and Biotechnology - Part A Enzyme Engineering and Biotechnology
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 7 Nov 2001


    • Candida rugosa
    • Fermentation
    • Heterologous expression
    • Isoenzymes
    • Lipase


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