Production of excited beauty states in Z decays

D. Buskulic, D. Casper, I. De Bonis, D. Decamp, P. Ghez, C. Goy, J. P. Lees, A. Lucotte, M. N. Minard, P. Odier, B. Pietrzyk, F. Ariztizabal, M. Chmeissani, J. M. Crespo, I. Efthymiopoulos, E. Fernandez, M. Fernandez-Bosman, V. Gaitan, Ll Garrido, M. MartinezS. Orteu, A. Pacheco, C. Padilla, F. Palla, A. Pascual, J. A. Perlas, F. Sanchez, F. Teubert, A. Colaleo, D. Creanza, M. de Palma, A. Farilla, G. Gelao, M. Girone, G. Iaselli, G. Maggi, M. Maggi, N. Marinelli, S. Natali, S. Nuzzo, A. Ranieri, G. Raso, F. Romano, F. Ruggieri, G. Selvaggi, L. Silvestris, P. Tempesta, G. Zito, X. Huang, J. Lin, Q. Ouyang, T. Wang, Y. Xie, R. Xu, S. Xue, J. Zhang, L. Zhang, W. Zhao, G. Bonvicini, M. Cattaneo, P. Comas, P. Coyle, H. Drevermann, A. Engelhardt, R. W. Forty, M. Frank, R. Hagelberg, J. Harvey, R. Jacobsen, P. Janot, B. Jost, J. Knobloch, I. Lehraus, C. Markou, E. B. Martin, P. Mato, H. Meinhard, A. Minten, R. Miquel, T. Oest, P. Palazzi, J. R. Pater, J. F. Pusztaszeri, F. Ranjard, P. Rensing, L. Rolandi, D. Schlatter, M. Schmelling, O. Schneider, W. Tejessy, I. R. Tomalin, A. Venturi, H. Wachsmuth, W. Wiedenmann, T. Wildish, W. Witzeling, J. Wotschack, Z. Ajaltouni, M. Bardadin-Otwinowska, A. Barres

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A data sample of about 3.0 million hadronic Z decays collected by the ALEPH experiment at LEP in the years 1991 through 1994 is used to make an inclusive selection of B hadron events. In this event sample 4227±140±252 B* mesons in the decay B*→Bγ and 1944±108±161 B** u,d mesons decaying into a B meson and a charged pion are reconstructed. Here and in the following B** u,d denotes the eight L=1(bū) and (bd) states and their charge conjugate. For the well established B* meson the following quantities are obtained:ΔM=M B*-MB=(45.30±0.35±0.87) MeV/c2 and N B*/(N B+N B*)=(77.1±2.6±7.0)%. The angular distribution of the photons in the B* rest frame is used to measure the relative contribution of longitudinal B* polarization states to be σ L/(σ L+σ T)=(33±6±5)%. In the M(Bπ)-M(B) mass difference resonance structure is observed at (424±4±10) MeV/c2, for which the shape and position is consistent with the expectation for B** u,d states decaying into B(*)π ±. The relative production rate is determined to be {Mathematical expression} where the third error reflects the uncertainty due to different production and decay models for the broad B** u,d states. © 1996 Springer-Verlag.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)393-404
JournalZeitschrift fur Physik C-Particles and Fields
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1995

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