Production of biofunctionalized MoS2 flakes with rationally modified lysozyme: A biocompatible 2D hybrid material

Marialuisa Siepi, Eden Morales-Narváez, Neus Domingo, Daria Maria Monti, Eugenio Notomista, Arben Merkoçi

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    13 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    © 2017 IOP Publishing Ltd. Bioapplications of 2D materials embrace demanding features in terms of environmental impact, toxicity and biocompatibility. Here we report on the use of a rationally modified lysozyme to assist the exfoliation of Mos2 bulk crystals suspended in water through ultrasonic exfoliation. The design of the proposed lysozyme derivative provides this exfoliated 2D-materail with both, hydrophobic groups that interact with the surface of Mos2 and hydrophilic groups exposed to the aqueous medium, which hinders its re-Aggregation. This approach, clarified also by molecular docking studies, leads to a stable material (ζ-potential, 27 ?} 1 mV) with a yield of up to 430 μg ml-1. The bio-hybrid material was characterized in terms of number of layers and optical properties according to different slots separated by diverse centrifugal forces. Furthermore the obtained material was proved to be biocompatible using human normal keratinocytes and human cancer epithelial cells, whereas the method was demonstrated to be applicable to produce other 2D materials such as graphene. This approach is appealing for the advantageous production of high quality Mos2 flakes and their application in biomedicine and biosensing. Moreover, this method can be applied to different starting materials, making the denatured lysozyme a promising bio-Tool for surface functionalization of 2D materials.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number035007
    Journal2D Materials
    Volume4
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2017

    Keywords

    • 2D materials
    • Biocompatibility
    • Biofunctionalized material
    • Mos 2

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