Evolution of antibodies against glycolipids from the Mycobacterium tuberculosis cell wall has been studied for the first time in experimental murine models of tuberculosis induced by aerosol, in which infection, reinfection, reactivation, prophylaxis and treatment with antibiotics have been assayed. Results show a significant humeral response against these antigens, where diacyltrehaleses (DAT) and sulphelipid I (SL-I) elicited higher antibody levels than protein antigens like antigen 85 protein complex (Ag85), culture filtrate proteins (CFP) and purified protein derivative (PPD). Only immunoglobulin M (IgM) antibodies have been detected against DAT and SL-I. Their evolution has a positive correlation with bacillary concentration in tissues.
Cardona, P. J., Julián, E., Vallès, X., Gordillo, S., Muñoz, M., Luquin, M., & Ausina, V. (2002). Production of antibodies against glycolipids from the Mycobacterium tuberculosis cell wall in aerosol murine models of tuberculosis. Scandinavian Journal of Immunology, 55, 639-645. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3083.2002.01088.x