Research question: Are intrinsic or extrinsic factors associated with embryo mosaicism prevalence in IVF cycles? Design: Retrospective cohort study of preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidy (PGT-A) cycles carried out at a university-affiliated IVF clinic between October 2017 and October 2019. Trophectoderm biopsies were analysed by next generation sequencing. Mosaicism prevalence, type of anomaly and the chromosomes involved were analysed. Intrinsic and extrinsic factors potentially inducing mosaicism were studied: maternal and paternal age, antral follicle count, cumulus–oocyte complexes retrieved, female body mass index, PGT-A indication, sperm concentration, total dosage of gonadotrophins, embryo quality and day of blastocyst formation, single-step commercial media used and biopsy operator. Results: Overall prevalence of mosaicism in our PGT-A setting was 13.9%. In segmental mosaicism, larger chromosomes tended to be more affected, which was not observed in whole-chromosome mosaicism. Additionally, segmental mosaicism was mostly observed in monosomy (69.6%; P < 0.01) compared with whole-chromosome mosaicism (49.7% monosomies versus 50.3% trisomies; P = 0.83). Although a high inter-patient variability was observed, only paternal age showed a positive association with mosaicism (adjusted OR 1.26, 95% CI 1.02 to 1.54) among the analysed variables. Conclusions: Our results suggest remarkable differences in the mechanisms generating segmental and whole-chromosome mosaicism, indicating that they may deserve different consideration when studying them and when prioritizing them for transfer. Male factor seems to be associated with mosaicism and may be worthy of specific assessment in future studies.