Prevalence, T2-biomarkers and cost of severe asthma in the era of biologics: The BRAVO-1 study

C Domingo, A Sicras-Mainar, A Sicras-Navarro, A Sogo, R M Mirapeix, C Engroba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The last decade has seen a new era of classifications of asthma pathophysiology which have changed the treatment options available. To update the figures of prevalence of T2 asthma, comorbidities, biomarker characterization and costs of severe asthma in patients≥12-years-old adapted to this new situation.

METHODS: Retroprospective, observational, nationwide study using a top-down approach. Data were obtained from the BIG-PAC®, an electronic medical record database of 1.7 million patients in Spain. Patients≥12-years-old who had received medical care during the period 2016-2017 and diagnosed with asthma at least one year prior to the index date were included and followed for one year.

RESULTS: Prevalence of asthma was 5.5%. Of these patients, asthma was severe in 3.031 (7.7%), 81.2% of whom presented T2 asthma. Among severe asthma patients, 64·1% were uncontrolled, 31.2% were Oral corticosteroids-dependent (37% in the uncontrolled severe asthma group) and only 3.8% were on biologics. The most common T2 comorbidities were allergic rhinitis (66·1%), atopic dermatitis (29·1%) and chronic rhinositis with nasal polyps (14.6%). Mortality rates in the total and the uncontrolled severe asthma groups were 4.2% and 5.5% respectively. The total annual costs per patient with severe asthma were 5.890€ (uncontrolled) and 2.841€ (controlled).

CONCLUSIONS: In the era of biologics, most severe asthma patients present T2 asthma. Despite the availability of new treatments, the rates of uncontrolled and oral corticosteroids-dependent patients with severe asthma remain high, but biologics still underused. The costs of uncontrolled severe asthma are twice as high as those of controlled severe asthma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)0
JournalJournal of Investigational Allergology and Clinical Immunology
Issue number2
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 22 Nov 2022


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