Prevalence of ADHD in nonpsychotic adult psychiatric care (ADPSYC): A multinational cross-sectional study in Europe

Walter Deberdt, Johannes Thome, Jeremie Lebrec, Susanne Kraemer, Irene Fregenal, J. Antoni Ramos-Quiroga, Muhammad Arif

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2015 Deberdt et al. Background: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often persists into adulthood. This study was designed to estimate the prevalence of ADHD in adult psychiatric outpatients in several European countries. Method: ADHD diagnosis was made using the Diagnostic Interview for ADHD in Adults, version 2.0 (DIVA), according to criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) and 5th Edition (DSM-5). Results: Of 5662 patients present/approached, 2284 (40.3 %) consented, of whom 1986 patients (87.0 %) completed the study. Based on the DIVA, and applying DSM-IV-TR or DSM-5 criteria, 15.8 % (95 % confidence interval [CI] 14.2 %-17.4 %) or 17.4 % (95 % CI 15.7 %-19.0 %) of patients were diagnosed with ADHD, respectively. The prevalence of ADHD was 15.3 % when counting as non-ADHD those patients who screened positive but did not complete the DIVA (DSM-5). Conclusions: Estimates from this study indicate that a relevant part of the psychiatric outpatient care population suffers from ADHD.
Original languageEnglish
Article number242
JournalBMC Psychiatry
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Oct 2015

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
  • Europe
  • Prevalence
  • Psychiatric outpatients

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Prevalence of ADHD in nonpsychotic adult psychiatric care (ADPSYC): A multinational cross-sectional study in Europe'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this