Introduction: A deterioration of the neuroimmunoendocrine network has been observed in Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the peripheral immune response has hardly been investigated in this pathology. Since some immune function parameters have been established as good markers of the rate of ageing, and can predict longevity, the aim of the present work was to study some of these functions in splenic leucocytes in transgenic mice for AD of different ages. Material and methods: Young female (4. ±. 1 months), adult (9. ±. 1 months), and mature (12. ±. 1 months) triple-transgenic mice for AD (3. xTgAD) and non-transgenic (NTg) control mice of the same ages were used. The chemotaxis, the anti-tumour activity of «natural killer» (NK) cells and the lymphoproliferative response in the presence of the mitogens concanavalin A and lipopolysaccharide, functions that decrease with age, were determined in splenic leucocytes. In addition, the differences in lifespan between 3. xTgAD and NTg were studied in parallel using other animals, until their death through natural causes. Results: In 3. xTgAD, with respect to NTg, chemotaxis decreased at all ages studied, whereas in lymphoproliferative response this reduction was shown at 4 months and 9 months. NK activity was diminished only in young 3. xTgAD with respect to NTg. The 3. xTgAD showed a shorter lifespan than the NTg control group. Conclusions: The 3. xTgAD mice show a premature immunosenescence, which could explain their early mortality. The determination of these immune functions at peripheral level could serve as a marker of the progression of the Alzheimer's disease. © 2013 SEGG.
- Splenic leucocytes
- Triple-transgenic mice for Alzheimer's disease