Prediction-based coding with rate control for lossless region of interest in pathology imaging

Joan Bartrina Rapesta, Miguel Hernández-Cabronero, Victor Sanchez, Joan Serra Sagristà, Pouya Jamshidi, J. Castellani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


Online collaborative tools for medical diagnosis produced from digital pathology images have experimented an increase in demand in recent years. Due to the large sizes of pathology images, rate control (RC) techniques that allow an accurate control of compressed file sizes are critical to meet existing bandwidth restrictions while maximizing retrieved image quality. Recently, some RC contributions to Region of Interest (RoI) coding for pathology imaging have been presented. These encode the RoI without loss and the background with some loss, and focus on providing high RC accuracy for the background area. However, none of these RC contributions deal efficiently with arbitrary RoI shapes, which hinders the accuracy of background definition and rate control. This manuscript presents a novel coding system based on prediction with a novel RC algorithm for RoI coding that allows arbitrary RoIs shapes. Compared to other methods of the state of the art, our proposed algorithm significantly improves upon their RC accuracy, while reducing the compressed data rate for the RoI by 30%. Furthermore, it offers higher quality in the reconstructed background areas, which has been linked to better clinical performance by expert pathologists. Finally, the proposed method also allows lossless compression of both the RoI and the background, producing data volumes 14% lower than coding techniques included in DICOM, such as HEVC and JPEG-LS.
Original languageEnglish
Article number117087
JournalSignal Processing: Image Communication
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2024


  • Digital pathology images
  • Region of interest coding
  • Rate control


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