Predicting segmental substitution errors in aphasic patients with phonological and phonetic encoding impairments / Estudi de predictors dels errors segmentals de substitució en pacients afàsics amb un dèficit fonètico-fonològic / Predicting segmental substitution errors in aphasic patients with phonological and phonetic encoding impairments / Estudi de predictors dels errors segmentals de substitució en pacients afàsics amb un dèficit fonètico-fonològic / Predicting segmental substitution errors in aphasic patients with phonological and phonetic encoding impairments

Translated title of the contribution: Predicting segmental substitution errors in aphasic patients with phonological and phonetic encoding impairments

Anna Marczyk, Lorraine Baqué

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearch

Abstract

This paper analyses the factors that predict substitution errors produced by four Broca’s and four conduction aphasic subjects, all native speakers of Spanish, in reading and repetition tasks. Errors were elicited using a list of words where type of consonant, lexical stress and phonetic context were controlled for and where variables related to frequency of occurrence (word and syllable) and phonological neighbourhood characteristics were assigned using available online corpora.

675 substitution errors were obtained and preferential tendencies to devoice, occlusivise or spirantise were identified. Logistic regression mixed-effect models were performed on these three types of substitution errors to identify the predictors depending on the aphasic profile.

While our results lent support to the hypothesis of a concomitant phonetic deficit in fluent aphasia, contrary to the classical claim, it also revealed differential patterns in the phonic behaviour of patients regarding the access to mental syllabary or syllabic position effects.

Our results are discussed in relation to the phonetic vs. phonological impairments dimension in aphasia and the seriality/interactivity axis in speech architectures.
Translated title of the contributionPredicting segmental substitution errors in aphasic patients with phonological and phonetic encoding impairments
Original languageMultiple languages
Article numbere023
JournalLoquens
Volume2
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016

Cite this