Power generation from slaughterhouse waste materials. An emergy accounting assessment

Remo Santagata, Silvio Viglia, Gabriella Fiorentino, Gengyuan Liu, Maddalena Ripa

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearch

    9 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    © 2019 Elsevier Ltd The linear path “extraction-production-consumption-waste” imposed by humans to natural ecosystems, where all material flows are instead circular, has become unsustainable. Understanding the potential value of some of these “by-products” in order to exploit them effectively in a biorefinery perspective, may help overcoming resource shortages and decrease environmental impacts. This study investigates energy and resource restoration from animal by-products. The slaughterhouse waste undergoes a rendering process to separate residual meal and fat. The latter is combusted in a co-generation plant to produce electricity and heat. The process is carefully assessed using Emergy Accounting approach with the aim of evaluating benefits and environmental load of the process considering the advantages achieved compared with the demand for ecosystem services and natural capital depletion. Moreover, the case aims at exploring three different methodological assumptions referring to the upstream burdens carried by the waste management system, proposing a modified exergy-based allocation rule. The electricity generated shows performances in terms of Unit Emergy Values ranging between 2.7E+05 sej/J, 2.2E+06 sej/J and 3.1E+07 sej/J among the different cases investigated, comparable to power from fossil fuels and renewables sources, and it provides an environmentally sound alternative to conventional waste disposal.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)536-552
    JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
    Volume223
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 20 Jun 2019

    Keywords

    • Animal by-products
    • Bio-refinery
    • Electricity generation
    • Emergy accounting
    • Resource recovery
    • Waste management

    Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Power generation from slaughterhouse waste materials. An emergy accounting assessment'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this