To assess postprandial lipidemia in normotriglyceridaemic type 2 diabetic patients treated with diet only, 12 non-obese patients (8 males, hemoglobin A1c [HbA1c] 6.80 ± 0.67%) and 14 controls of similar age, body mass index (BMI), and fasting triglyceride (Tg) were given a test meal (58 g fat, 100,000 IU vitamin A). Fasting low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (LDLc), high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (HDLc), free fatty acids, and apolipoprotein B (apoB), and fasting and postprandial Tg, retinylpalmitate (RP), LDL size, glucose, and insulin were measured. The homeostasis assessment model (HOMA) index and lipoprotein (Lpl) and hepatic (HL) lipase activities were estimated. Patients showed lower fasting HDLc (1.12 ± 0.26 v 1.40 ± 0.28 mmol/L, P = .02) and a trend towards smaller LDL particles, which was significant 4 hours postprandially (25.86 ± 0.40 v 26.16 ± 0.30 nm, P = .04). The area under the curve of Tg (AUC-Tg) and RP, and Lpl were similar, but HL was higher in patients (156.63 ± 23.89 v 118 ± 43.27 U/L, P= .011). HL correlated inversely with LDL size and directly with the HOMA index. In conclusion, normotriglyceridemic type 2 diabetic patients with insulin resistance but relatively preserved insulin secretion show low fasting HDLc and increased HL, but normal postprandial lipidemia. © 2003 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.