To analyze the behavior of aortic valve gradient (AVG) after ventricular extrasystole (VE), we studied 36 pure valvular aortic stenoses (AS) free of coronary artery disease and obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, in whom basal (B) (74 ± 32 mm Hg) and catheter‐induced post‐VE (110 ± 50 mm Hg) AVG were obtained. In all 26 cases with valve area <0.70 cm2, the post‐VE AVG was ≥70 mm Hg. In 19 cases AVG after two or more consecutive VE were also obtained. Maximal post‐VE AVG was obtained after multiple VE (19 cases) and/or after one VE causing a post‐VE pause equal or longer than 1.7 basal cardiac cycles (post‐VE RR ≥1.7B RR) (9 cases). Basal and postsingle VE AVG, up to a post‐VE RR ≥ 1.7 B RR, were a linear function of previous RR (r≥0.90), regression line slope increasing with AS severity (P =.05). Inotropic state measured by PEP/LVET only increased after multiple VE, P <.01. AVG after multiple VE was independent of post‐VE RR. Thus, (1) post‐VE potentiation of AVG may be seen with fixed valvular AS without obstructive cardiomyopathy; (2) post‐VE AVG is a function of compensatory pause after single VE and of increased inotropism after multiple VE; (3) analysis of maximal post‐VE AVG generated as described is reliable and useful for assessing AS severity (post‐VE AVG ≥ 70 mm Hg meaning an aortic valve area <0.70 cm2) and may supplement valve area calculations. Copyright © 1987 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
|Journal||Catheterization and Cardiovascular Diagnosis|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 1987|
- aortic stenosis
- aortic valve gradient
- valvular heart disease