Post-operative pulmonary complications: Understanding definitions and risk assessment

Lluís Gallart, Jaume Canet

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleResearchpeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)


© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Post-operative pulmonary complications (PPCs) can have severe consequences and their incidence is high. In recent years, PPCs have been the subject of numerous studies and articles, which have provided a great deal of information that is beneficial but that can cause confusion on a practical level. This review focusses on three main points: (1) the definitions of PPCs, which are heterogeneous and often vary from one report to another, despite emerging consensus; (2) the risk as reflected in the pool of PPC predictors, with each study identifying some but leaving us with a myriad of combinations; and (3) the many PPC prediction scores proposed, each with its strengths and limitations. We attempt to clarify the practical and research implications of the current situation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)315-330
JournalBest Practice and Research: Clinical Anaesthesiology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2015


  • cohort studies
  • lung diseases
  • post-operative complications
  • predictive value of tests
  • prospective studies
  • quality control
  • respiratory tract infections
  • risk assessment
  • risk factors


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