Polymer solutions and chemical reactions under flow: A thermodynamic description

G. Lebon, J. Casas-Vázquez, D. Jou, M. Criado-Sancho

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7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The influence of mechanical stresses on polymer solutions and chemical reactions is examined. It is shown that the presence of a flow raises the Gibbs free energy. As a consequence, one observes in polymer solutions a shift of the critical point with respect to quiescent situations and in chemical reactions, a modification of the value of the chemical constant. The analysis is based on a recent theory of nonequilibrium thermodynamics known as extended irreversible thermodynamics. © 1993 American Institute of Physics.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7434-7439
JournalThe Journal of Chemical Physics
Volume98
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1993

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