Political exchange and bargaining reform in Italy and Spain

Óscar Molina Romo*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


Wage bargaining structures in Italy and Spain changed significantly in the 1990s. This is usually seen as an employer-led response to exogenous pressures such as the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU). This article shows that while EMU acted as a catalyst for negotiated adjustments, changes in wage bargaining are better explained through factors endogenous to national systems, in particular union strategies and interactions in the policy-making arena. By means of policy concertation and political exchange, unions have shaped institutional change in collective bargaining so as to avoid a disorganized decentralization of labour relations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7-26
Number of pages20
JournalEuropean Journal of Industrial Relations
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2005


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