Plantations, Resistance and the Greening of the Agrarian Question in Coastal Ecuador

Julien François Gerber, Sandra Veuthey

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    25 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Worldwide, industrial tree plantations are at the origin of a growing number of conflicts between local populations and commercial planters. Such conflicts - which often turn out to be 'environmental'- have largely remained understudied. By focusing on the establishment of an industrial eucalypt monoculture in a coastal Ecuadorian canton, this paper investigates the effects of the penetration of capital into the rural sphere, emphasizing the resulting resistance campaign of a local NGO originating from a peasant organization. We analyse the evolution of land conflicts in the region - historically as well as operationally during the latest eucalypt campaign. We find that displacement of local peasants is a recurrent theme, while environmental issues have recently been incorporated into the resistance to landowners. We thus argue that the agrarian question also includes - now perhaps more than ever - an environmental dimension, thereby providing space for a fruitful dialogue between political ecologists and students of agrarian conflicts. © 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)455-481
    JournalJournal of Agrarian Change
    Volume10
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2010

    Keywords

    • Agrarian question
    • Environmental conflict
    • NGOs
    • Political ecology
    • Tree plantations

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