Pilot study of socio-emotional factors and adaptive behavior in young females with fragile X syndrome

Lorena Joga-Elvira*, Carlos Jacas, María Luisa Joga, Ana Roche-Martínez, Carme Brun-Gasca

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Girls with Fragile-X-Syndrome (FXS) present high levels of social anxiety, social avoidance, extreme shyness, tendency to social isolation, poor eye contact, learning difficulties, and depression. The aims of the present study, which is based on a group of young females with FXS are: 1) to analyze the possible associations between emotion recognition, theory of mind, and social anxiety, and adaptive behavior, and emotional state; 2) to study the relationship between intelligence quotient (IQ) and adaptive behavior; and 3) to assess whether social anxiety is more prevalent in girls with FXS. The study has 40 female participants aged between 7 and 16 years (26 positive full mutation FXS and 14 as a control group). A neuropsychological assessment was conducted using the following tests: WISC-V, NEPSY-II, SENA, ADHD Rating Scale, BAS, and ABAS-II. In comparison with the control group, the group with FXS presented a greater association between IQ and self-direction ability, and between emotion recognition and leadership. The FXS group presented higher levels of social anxiety and shyness. In the group of girls with FXS, IQ may have prognostic value for both self-direction ability and social adaptation level.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)949-959
Number of pages11
JournalChild Neuropsychology
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • adaptive behavior
  • emotion recognition
  • fragile X syndrome
  • Social anxiety
  • theory of mind
  • young females


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