Pilot plant scale reactive dyes degradation by solar photo-Fenton and biological processes

Julia García-Montaño, Leonidas Pérez-Estrada, Isabel Oller, Manuel I. Maldonado, Francesc Torrades, José Peral

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95 Citations (Scopus)


Solar photo-Fenton reactions as a stand-alone process and as a pre-treatment of an aerobic biological treatment for Procion Red H-E7B and Cibacron Red FN-R reactive dyes degradation have been carried out at pilot plant scale. Photo-Fenton oxidation was conducted using a Compound Parabolic Collector (CPC) solar photo-reactor and the biological treatment was carried out with an Immobilised Biomass Reactor (IBR). Artificial light photo-Fenton experiments carried out at laboratory scale have been taken as starting point. When applying photo-Fenton reaction as a single process, 10 mg L-1 Fe (II) and 250 mg L-1 H2O2 for 250 mg L -1 Procion Red H-E7B treatment, and 20 mg L-1 Fe (II) and 500 mg L-1 H2O2 for 250mg L-1 Cibacron Red FN-R treatment closely reproduced the laboratory mineralisation results, with 82 and. 86% Dissolved Organic Carbon (DOC) removal, respectively. Nevertheless, the use of sunlight with the CPC photo-reactor increased the degradation rates allowing the reduction of Fe (II) concentration from 10 to 2 mg L-1 (Procion Red H-E7B) and from 20 to 5 mg L-1 (Cibacron Red FN-R) without yield loses. Carboxylic acids, SO42-, NH4+ and NO3- generation was monitored along with dye mineralisation. Finally, in the combined photo-Fenton/biological system, reagents doses of 5 mg L-1 Fe (II) and 225 mg L-1 H2O2 for Cibacron Red FN-R and 2 mg L-1 Fe (II) and 65 mg L-1 H2O2 for Procion Red H-E7B were enough to generate biodegradable solutions that could be fed to the IBR, even improving bench-scale results. © 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)205-214
JournalJournal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry
Issue number2-3
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jun 2008


  • Immobilised biomass reactor
  • Photo-Fenton
  • Pilot plant
  • Reactive dyes
  • Sunlight


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