Photochemical activation of extremely weak nucleophiles: Highly fluorinated urethanes and polyurethanes from polyfluoro alcohols

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Abstract

An efficient and environmentally friendly photoreaction between phenyl isocyanate or pentafluorophenyl isocyanate and polyfluorinated alcohols and diols is described for the first time. New highly fluorinated urethanes and diurethanes, derived from aromatic isocyanates, are produced in good yields in a photoreaction that is apparently governed by the acidic properties of the polyfluoro alcohols and diols. The wettability properties of the new polyfluorinated diurethanes have been tested, some of them showing significantly high values of hydrophobicity and oleophobicity. This new photoreaction has also been tested in the production of a model polyfluorinated polyurethane, establishing the influence of the irradiation power in the outcome of the process, and directly achieving a molecular weight distribution corresponding to a number-average DPn = 12 and a highest DPn = 20 after 4 h of irradiation (DPn: "number-average degree of polymerization"). © 2014 American Chemical Society.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5019-5027
JournalJournal of Organic Chemistry
Volume79
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Jun 2014

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