Photocatalyzed degradation of phenol, 2,4-dichlorophenol, phenoxyacetic acid and 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid over supported TiO<inf>2</inf> in a flow system

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Abstract

The photodegradation of phenol, 2,4-dichlorophenol, phenoxyacetic acid and 2,4-dichloraphenoxyacetic acid using TiO2 as photocatalyst is investigated. The photodegradations of these compounds have been conducted in a continuous mode by means of a flow system, in which TiO2 remains fixed onto glass pearls. The use of this system gives high yields of degradation for the chemicals tested, except for 2,4-dichlorophenol for which a slow dechlorination process is observed. The rate of photodegradation depends on the pH of the solution, the point of zero charge of TiO2 and the pK(a) of the chemicals being the key parameters. The main aromatic intermediates detected have been hydroquinone, paraquinone and hydrohydroquinone during phenol degradation; phenol and hydroquinone during phenoxyacetic acid degradation; chlorohydroquinone and chlorophenol during 2,4-dichlorophenol degradation; and dichlorophenol during 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid degradation. Finally, some long term irradiations with phenol as model compound have been performed, showing high degrees of photodegradation. It has been observed that only a periodic evacuation of the effluent out of the reactor is needed to sustain high percentages of photodegradation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)237-242
JournalJournal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology
Volume67
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 1996

Keywords

  • 2,4-dichlorophenol
  • 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid
  • Flow system
  • Phenol
  • Phenoxyacetic acid
  • Photocatalysis
  • TiO 2

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