Casein kinase 2 from rat liver cytosol phosphorylated human fibrinogen in a reaction that was not stimulated by Ca2+ or cyclic AMP, but was markedly inhibited by heparin, and proceeded at a similar rate when either ATP or GTP was used as phosphate donor. Analysis of casein kinase 2 by glycerol-density-gradient centrifugation showed that the activities towards fibrinogen, casein, phosvitin, high-mobility-group protein 14 and glycogen synthase coincided. Maximal incorporation into fibrinogen by casein kinase 2 averaged 1 mol of phosphate/mol of protein substrate, most of it in the α-chain, although some phosphorylation of the β-chain was also detected. Analysis of phosphorylated α-chain revealed that most of the phosphate was incorporated on serine. Phosphorylation of human fibrinogen was also performed by casein kinase 2 from human polymorphonuclear leucocytes, lymphocytes and platelets.