Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase a–selective inhibition with alpelisib (BYL719) in PIK3CA-altered solid tumors: Results from the first-in-human study

Dejan Juric, Jordi Rodon, Josep Tabernero, Filip Janku, Howard A. Burris, Jan H.M. Schellens, Mark R. Middleton, Jordan Berlin, Martin Schuler, Gil Martin Marta, Hope S. Rugo, Seggewiss Bernhardt Ruth, Alan Huang, Douglas Bootle, David Demanse, Lars Blumenstein, Christina Coughlin, Cornelia Quadt, José Baselga

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Abstract

© 2018 by American Society of Clinical Oncology. Purpose We report the first-in-human phase Ia study to our knowledge (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01219699) identifying the maximum tolerated dose and assessing safety and preliminary efficacy of single-agent alpelisib (BYL719), an oral phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase a (PI3Ka)–selective inhibitor. Patients and Methods In the dose-escalation phase, patients with PIK3CA-altered advanced solid tumors received once-daily or twice-daily oral alpelisib on a continuous schedule. In the dose-expansion phase, patients with PIK3CA-altered solid tumors and PIK3CA-wild-type, estrogen receptor–positive/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2–negative breast cancer received alpelisib 400 mg once daily. Results One hundred thirty-four patients received treatment. Alpelisib maximum tolerated doses were established as 400 mg once daily and 150 mg twice daily. Nine patients (13.2%) in the dose-escalation phase had dose-limiting toxicities of hyperglycemia (n = 6), nausea (n = 2), and both hyperglycemia and hypophosphatemia (n = 1). Frequent all-grade, treatment-related adverse events included hyperglycemia (51.5%), nausea (50.0%), decreased appetite (41.8%), diarrhea (40.3%), and vomiting (31.3%). Alpelisib was rapidly absorbed; half-life was 7.6 hours at 400 mg once daily with minimal accumulation. Objective tumor responses were observed at doses $ 270 mg once daily; overall response rate was 6.0% (n = 8; one patient with endometrial cancer had a complete response, and seven patients with cervical, breast, endometrial, colon, and rectal cancers had partial responses). Stable disease was achieved in 70 (52.2%) patients and was maintained . 24 weeks in 13 (9.7%) patients; disease control rate (complete and partial responses and stable disease) was 58.2%. In patients with estrogen receptor–positive/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2–negative breast cancer, median progression-free survival was 5.5 months. Frequently mutated genes ($ 10% tumors) included TP53 (51.3%), APC (23.7%), KRAS (22.4%), ARID1A (13.2%), and FBXW7 (10.5%). Conclusion Alpelisib demonstrated a tolerable safety profile and encouraging preliminary activity in patients with PIK3CA-altered solid tumors, supporting the rationale for selective PI3Ka inhibition in combination with other agents for the treatment of PIK3CA-mutant tumors.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1291-1299
JournalJournal of Clinical Oncology
Volume36
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2018

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