We consider the problem of estimating the phase of squeezed vacuum states within a Bayesian framework. We derive bounds on the average Holevo variance for an arbitrary number N of uncorrelated copies. We find that it scales with the mean photon number n, as dictated by the Heisenberg limit, i.e., as n-2, only for N>4. For N≤4 this fundamental scaling breaks down and it becomes n-N/2. Thus, a single squeezed vacuum state performs worse than a single coherent state with the same energy. We find the optimal splitting of a fixed given energy among various copies. We also compute the variance for repeated individual measurements (without classical communication or adaptivity) and find that the standard Heisenberg-limited scaling n-2 is recovered for large samples. © 2008 The American Physical Society.
|Journal||Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 31 Oct 2008|