© 2015 American Association for Cancer Research. Purpose: This phase I expansion-cohort study evaluated the safety, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and preliminary efficacy of the pan-PI3K inhibitor pilaralisib (SAR245408/XL147) in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) or relapsed or refractory lymphoma. Patients and Methods: Patients were treated with the maximum tolerated dose of pilaralisib previously determined in patients with solid tumors (600 mg capsules once daily). Adverse events (AE) and response were evaluated. Plasma pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamic effects on cytokines and chemokines were also assessed. Results: Twenty-five patients were included in the study: 10 with CLL and 15 with lymphoma. The most frequent AEs of any grade were diarrhea (92.0%), pyrexia (52.0%), and fatigue (44.0%). The most frequent grade ≥3 AEs were neutropenia (32.0%), diarrhea (20.0%), and anemia (16.0%). Pilaralisib exposure on cycle 1 day 28 was similar to exposure in patients with solid tumors. In patients with CLL, pilaralisib significantly reduced plasma levels of several cytokines and chemokines involved in B-cell trafficking. Five patients (50.0%) with CLL and 3 patients (20.0%) with lymphoma had a partial response. Six patients (60.0%) with CLL had nodal shrinkage ≥50%. Overall, 14 patients (56.0%; 7 patients with CLL and 7 patients with lymphoma) had progression-free survival ≥6 months. Conclusions: Pilaralisib demonstrated an acceptable safety profile in patients with CLL and lymphoma, generally consistent with findings in patients with solid tumors. Single-agent pilaralisib showed preliminary clinical activity in patients with CLL and lymphoma, supporting further development. Clin Cancer Res; 21(14); 3160-9.