© The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. All rights reserved. Objectives: To determine the effect of etravirine on the pharmacokinetics of darunavir/cobicistat and vice versa. Safety and tolerability of this combination were also evaluated. Methods: Open-label, fixed-sequence trial in two cohorts of HIV-infected patients on therapy with darunavir/ cobicistat 800/150mg once daily (DRV cohort; n=15) or etravirine 400mg once daily (ETR cohort; n=15). Etravirine or darunavir/cobicistat were added on days 1-14 and 1-7 in participants in the DRV or ETR cohort, respectively. Full pharmacokinetic profileswere obtained on days 0 and 14 in the DRV cohort, and on days 0 and 7 in the ETR cohort. Darunavir, cobicistat and etravirine pharmacokinetic parameters [AUC 0-24 , C max and trough concentrations in plasma (C 24 )] were calculated for each individual by non-compartmental analysis and were compared using linearmixed-effectsmodels. Adverse events and HIV-1 RNA in plasmaweremonitored. Results: Etravirine co-administration decreased cobicistat AUC 0-24 , C max and C 24 by 30%, 14% and 66%, respectively. Although darunavir AUC 0-24 and C max were unchanged by etravirine, darunavir C 24 was 56% lower for darunavir/cobicistat co-administered with etravirine relative to darunavir/cobicistat alone. Etravirine pharmacokinetics were unchanged by darunavir/cobicistat. Treatments were well tolerated, and HIV-1 RNA remained undetectable in all participants. Conclusions: Although etravirine pharmacokinetics was unchanged by darunavir/cobicistat, there was a significant decrease in cobicistat exposure and in darunavir C 24 when darunavir/cobicistat was co-administered with etravirine. Boosting darunavir with ritonavir instead of with cobicistat may be preferred if darunavir is to be combined with etravirine in clinical practice.
|Journal||Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Mar 2018|