Pharmaceuticals removal and microbial community assessment in a continuous fungal treatment of non-sterile real hospital wastewater after a coagulation-flocculation pretreatment

J. A. Mir-Tutusaus, E. Parladé, M. Llorca, M. Villagrasa, D. Barceló, S. Rodriguez-Mozaz, M. Martinez-Alonso, N. Gaju, G. Caminal, M. Sarrà

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35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2017 Hospital wastewaters are a main source of pharmaceutical active compounds, which are usually highly recalcitrant and can accumulate in surface and groundwater bodies. Fungal treatments can remove these contaminants prior to discharge, but real wastewater poses a problem to fungal survival due to bacterial competition. This study successfully treated real non-spiked, non-sterile wastewater in a continuous fungal fluidized bed bioreactor coupled to a coagulation-flocculation pretreatment for 56 days. A control bioreactor without the fungus was also operated and the results were compared. A denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) and sequencing approach was used to study the microbial community arisen in both reactors and as a result some bacterial degraders are proposed. The fungal operation successfully removed analgesics and anti-inflammatories, and even the most recalcitrant pharmaceutical families such as antibiotics and psychiatric drugs.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-75
JournalWater Research
Volume116
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017

Keywords

  • Continuous treatment
  • Fungal bioreactor
  • Hospital wastewater
  • Non-sterile
  • Pharmaceutical active compounds
  • Pretreatment

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