Pesticide bioremediation by Trametes versicolor: Application in a fixed-bed reactor, sorption contribution and bioregeneration

Eduardo Beltrán-Flores, Montserrat Sarrà, Paqui Blánquez*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


Although immobilization on lignocellulosic materials has recently become a promising strategy in the fungal-based technology for micropollutant bioremediation, research evidence in this area is still scarce and significant knowledge gaps need to be addressed. In this study, Trametes versicolor immobilized on Quercus ilex wood chips was initially proposed to remove two pesticides, diuron and bentazon, from real agricultural wastewater. Thus, a bioremediation treatment was performed in a fixed-bed bioreactor at two empty bed contact times (EBCT) of 1 and 3 days. Bentazon saturation was achieved after 5 EBCTs, while diuron sorption remained below 50% even after 40 days of treatment. The differences in diuron and bentazon removals were linked to their different hydrophobicity and thus, affinity for wood. However, in any case, the sorption contribution of wood was found to be predominant compared to fungal biodegradation. These results motivated a comprehensive study to evaluate the pollutant sorption capacity of wood. Afterwards, pesticide-contaminated wood was successfully bioregenerated by T. versicolor in a biopile-like system, reaching high fungal colonization (up to 0.2451 mg ergosterol·g−1 dry weight), degradation rate (up to 2.55 mg·g−1·d−1) and degradation yields (up to 92.50%). The combined treatment consisting of the fixed-bed bioreactor followed by the re-inoculated biopile showed the best performance in terms of fungal content and pesticide degradation. This is an important step toward the implementation of fungal-based technology for the removal of pesticides from agricultural water.

Original languageEnglish
Article number148386
JournalScience of the total environment
Publication statusPublished - 10 Nov 2021


  • Bioremediation
  • Fixed-bed reactor
  • Immobilization
  • Pesticides
  • Sorption
  • White-rot-fungi


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