Perturbation of mouse glioma MRS pattern by induced acute hyperglycemia

R. V. Simões, M. L. García-Martín, S. Cerdán, Carles Arús

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26 Citations (Scopus)


1H MRS is evolving into an invaluable tool for brain tumor classification in humans based on pattern recognition analysis, but there is still room for improvement. Here we propose a new approach: to challenge tumor metabolism in vivo by a defined perturbation, and study the induced changes in MRS pattern. For this we recorded single voxel 1H MR spectra from mice bearing a stereotactically induced GL261 grade IV brain glioma during a period of induced acute hyperglycemia. A total of 29 C57BL/6 mice were used. Single voxel spectra were acquired at 7 T with point resolved spectroscopy and TE of 12, 30 and 136 ms. Tumors were induced by stereotactic injection of 105 GL261cells in 17 mice. Hyperglycemia (up to 338±36 mg/dL glucose in the blood) was induced by intraperitoneal bolus injection. Maximal increases in glucose resonances of up to 2.4-fold were recorded from tumors in vivo. Our observations are in agreement with extracellular accumulation of glucose, which may suggest that glucose transport and/or metabolism are working close to their maximum capacity in GL261 tumors. The significant and specific MRS pattern changes observed when comparing euglycemia and hyperglycemia may be of use for future pattern-recognition studies of animal and human brain tumors by enhancing MRS-based discrimination between tumor types and grades. Copyright © 2007 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)251-264
JournalNMR in Biomedicine
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2008


  • Brain
  • GL261 glioma cells
  • Hyperglycemia
  • Mouse
  • Tumor biomarker
  • Tumor metabolism
  • Tumor pattern


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