Personality, Self-Estimated Intelligence, and Uses of Music: A Spanish Replication and Extension Using Structural Equation Modeling

Tomas Chamorro-Premuzic, Montserrat Gomà-i-Freixanet, Adrian Furnham, Anna Muro

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45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study replicates and extends a recent study on personality, intelligence and uses of music [Chamorro-Premuzic, T., & Furnham, A. (2007). Personality and music: Can traits explain how people use music in everyday life? British Journal of Psychology, 98, 175-185] using Spanish participants and structural equation modeling. Data from 245 university students showed that, in line with our hypotheses, individuals higher in Neuroticism were more likely to use music for emotional regulation (influencing their mood states), those higher in Extraversion were more likely to use music as background to other activities, and those higher in Openness were more likely to experience music in a cognitive or intellectual way. As predicted, self-estimates of intelligence were also linked to cognitive use of music, though not when individual differences were considered. On other hand, contrasting with initial predictions, Extraversion was positively rather than negatively linked to emotional use of music. Small incremental effects of gender (over personality) were also found on the emotional use of music. Results are discussed in regards to previous findings on personality traits as determinants of uses of music. © 2009 American Psychological Association.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)149-155
JournalPsychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts
Volume3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Dec 2009

Keywords

  • Big Five
  • Spain
  • intelligence
  • personality
  • uses of music

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