Persistent toxic substances and public health in Spain

Miquel Porta, Ekhine Zumeta, Laura Ruiz, Jordi Sunyer, Manolis Kogevinas, Núria Ribas, Manuel Jariod

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


In Spain, there are substantial gaps in available information about contamination of food, humans, and the environment by persistent toxic substances (PTSs), although studies have shown detectable concentrations of DDE, PCBs, hexachlorobenzene, or hexachlorocyclohexane in 80-100% of the population. Spain will soon try to implement the Stockholm treaty on persistent organic pollutants (POPs). A country that ratifies the treaty is required to develop a National Implementation Plan (NIP). Such NIPs should provide for studies of factors that influence body concentrations of PTSs in the population, and thus ultimately reduce PTS data gaps. Spain's PTS-related problems are similar to those of many other countries. Elucidation of their causes, consequences, and possible solutions will be of benefit beyond national boundaries.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)112-117
JournalInternational Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2003


  • Environment/chemistry
  • Food
  • Organochlorines
  • Persistent organic pollutants
  • Persistent toxic substances
  • Public policy

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