Background And Purpose-: We aimed to analyze the frequency of persistent hyperglycemia (PH), its implications for outcome, and to document the inpatient management of hyperglycemia. Methods-: Post hoc analysis of the GLIAS (Glycemia in Acute Stroke) study, a multicenter, prospective, and observational cohort study of 476 acute ischemic stroke patients. Capillary finger-prick glucose was determined on admission and during the first 48 hours. We defined PH was defined as at least 2 values ≥155 mg/dL. Outcome (modified Rankin Scale) was evaluated at 3 months. Results-: PH developed in 117 patients (24.7%). PH was associated with poorer outcome (modified Rankin Scale score >2: 56.2% vs 28.1%; P<0.01) and higher mortality (26.7% vs 5.9%; P<0.01) than those with glycemia <155 mg/dL. PH ≥155 mg/dL was associated with a 4-fold increase in the odds of poor outcome at 3 months (odds ratio, 4.7; 95% confidence interval, 2.2-10.2) after adjustment for age, gender, hypertension, diabetes, stroke severity, admission glycemia, and infarct volume. Only 20% of patients with hyperglycemia ≥155 mg/dL received insulin on admission, with a progressive increase in the use of insulin during the following 48 hours. However, 114 (39.1%) out of 291 patients who received corrective treatment for hyperglycemia still had levels ≥155 mg/dL. Conclusions-: PH ≥155 mg/dL is a common observation in acute ischemic stroke patients that is associated with poorer outcome and higher mortality. Almost 40% of patients maintained levels ≥155 mg/dL despite corrective treatment. © 2010 American Heart Association, Inc.
- acute stroke
- persistent hyperglycemia