Peroxynitrite formed during a transient episode of brain ischaemia increases endothelium-derived hyperpolarization-type dilations in thromboxane/prostaglandin receptor-stimulated rat cerebral arteries

Y. Onetti, A. P. Dantas, B. Pérez, A. J. McNeish, E. Vila, F. Jiménez-Altayó

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2016 Scandinavian Physiological Society. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd Aim: Increased thromboxane A2 and peroxynitrite are hallmarks of cerebral ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R). Stimulation of thromboxane/prostaglandin receptors (TP) attenuates endothelium-derived hyperpolarization (EDH). We investigated whether EDH-type middle cerebral artery (MCA) relaxations following TP stimulation are altered after I/R and the influence of peroxynitrite. Methods: Vascular function was determined by wire myography after TP stimulation with the thromboxane A2 mimetic 9,11-dideoxy-9α, 11α -methano-epoxy prostaglandin F2α (U46619) in MCA of Sprague Dawley rats subjected to MCA occlusion (90 min)/reperfusion (24 h) or sham operation, and in non-operated (control) rats. Some rats were treated with saline or the peroxynitrite decomposition catalyst 5,10,15,20-tetrakis(4-sulfonatophenyl)porphyrinato iron (III) (20 mg kg−1). Protein expression was evaluated in MCA and in human microvascular endothelial cells submitted to hypoxia (overnight)/reoxygenation (24 h) (H/R) using immunofluorescence and immunoblotting. Results: In U46619-pre-constricted MCA, EDH-type relaxation by the proteinase-activated receptor 2 agonist serine–leucine–isoleucine–glycine–arginine–leucine–NH2 (SLIGRL) was greater in I/R than sham rats due to an increased contribution of small-conductance calcium-activated potassium channels (SKCa), which was confirmed by the enlarged relaxation to the SKCa activator N-cyclohexyl-N-2-(3,5-dimethyl-pyrazol-1-yl)-6-methyl-4-pyrimidinamine. I/R and H/R induced endothelial protein tyrosine nitration and filamentous-actin disruption. In control MCA, either cytochalasin D or peroxynitrite disrupted endothelial filamentous-actin and augmented EDH-type relaxation. Furthermore, peroxynitrite decomposition during I/R prevented the increase in EDH-type responses. Conclusion: Following TP stimulation in MCA, EDH-type relaxation to SLIGRL is greater after I/R due to endothelial filamentous-actin disruption by peroxynitrite, which prevents TP-induced block of SKCa input to EDH. These results reveal a novel mechanism whereby peroxynitrite could promote post-ischaemic brain injury.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)150-166
JournalActa Physiologica
Volume220
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2017

Keywords

  • actin
  • calcium-activated potassium channels
  • ischaemia/reperfusion
  • K 2.3 C a
  • SK C a
  • stroke
  • thromboxane

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