Perinatal outcomes in children born after fresh or frozen embryo transfer: a Catalan cohort study based on 14,262 newborns

Mar Vidal, Kilian Vellvé, Mireia González-Comadran, Ana Robles, Maria Prat, Mar Torné, Ramón Carreras, Miguel A. Checa

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40 Citations (Scopus)


© 2017 American Society for Reproductive Medicine Objective To ascertain whether perinatal outcomes are affected by vitrification and/or controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH). Design Register-based cohort study. Setting Not applicable. Patient(s) Women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) between 2008 and 2012 using autologous or donated eggs who had a singleton pregnancy delivered from the 24th week onward. Intervention(s) Fresh embryo transfer (ET) or frozen-thawed ET in women undergoing IVF. Main Outcome Measure(s) Primary outcome birthweight, and secondary outcomes gestational age at delivery, small for gestational age, mode of delivery, and perinatal mortality. Result(s) In the autologous egg population, newborns from the fresh ET group had lower birthweight than the frozen-thawed ET group (3,152.9 ± 545.5g and 3,343.2 ± 532.3g, respectively), and this difference persisted even after adjusting for confounding factors, and the newborns had a higher risk of being small for gestational age (SGA). In contrast, among egg-donor recipients undergoing ET, the mean birthweight did not differ between the groups (3,165 ± 604.15 g and 3,143.60 ± 604.21g in the fresh and frozen-thawed ET groups, respectively); however, in the adjusted regression model birthweight was statistically significantly higher in the fresh ET group than the frozen-thawed ET group. The risk of SGA remained comparable between the fresh versus frozen-thawed ET groups. We observed no statistically significant differences in perinatal mortality between groups either in the autologous egg population or in the donor recipient group. Conclusion(s) Perinatal outcomes are negatively affected by COH and not affected by the vitrification process.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)940-947
JournalFertility and Sterility
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2017


  • Assisted reproduction technology
  • egg donation program
  • perinatal outcomes
  • vitrification

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