Peri-ictal magnetic resonance imaging in status epilepticus: Temporal relationship and prognostic value in 60 patients

Manuel Requena, Silvana Sarria-Estrada, Estevo Santamarina, Manuel Quintana, María Sueiras, Alex Rovira, Manuel Toledo

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    Abstract

    © 2019 Purpose. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) changes associated with status epilepticus (SE) have been described in recent studies. Our aim was to evaluate the diagnosis and prognosis of the peri-ictal MRI changes detected in SE patients. Method. All adults diagnosed with SE and examined by MRI within 240 h after SE onset were enrolled (2011–2017). Demographic, clinical and electroencephalography data, and functional status at admission and discharge were collected. MRI findings were recorded and relationships between clinical and MRI data, and between these data and functional outcome were analyzed. Results. Sixty patients included, 50% women, mean age 57.5 years. Median duration of SE was 51.46 h and median time from SE onset to MRI was 86.5 h. Of the total, 41.7% had a restricted diffusion pattern on diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and 63.3% had hyperintensities suggestive of edema on T2-weighted (T2WI)/FLAIR sequences. The factors independently associated with T2WI hyperintensities were the presence of acute cerebral lesions (p = 0.023), baseline STESS (p = 0.007), and MRI performed within 84 h (p = 0.007). Variables independently associated with diffusion restriction were a potentially fatal cause (p = 0.020), SE duration >24 h (p = 0.022), and MRI performed within the first 84 h (p = 0.045). In patients undergoing MRI within 84 h, the DWI and T2WI abnormalities were both highly associated with an unfavorable outcome. Conclusions. Characteristic signal changes on DWI and T2WI sequences were seen in approximately half our SE patients undergoing early (<84 h) brain MRI studies, and were independently related to the patients’ functional status at discharge.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)289-294
    JournalSeizure
    Volume71
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2019

    Keywords

    • Magnetic resonance imaging
    • Prognosis
    • Status epilepticus

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    Requena, M., Sarria-Estrada, S., Santamarina, E., Quintana, M., Sueiras, M., Rovira, A., & Toledo, M. (2019). Peri-ictal magnetic resonance imaging in status epilepticus: Temporal relationship and prognostic value in 60 patients. Seizure, 71, 289-294. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seizure.2019.08.013