Cerebral microdialysis is increasingly used to monitor several types of neurocritical patients. This study presents the technique used in our unit for percutaneous implantation of cerebral microdialysis catheters using a small twist-drill craniostomy that can be performed in the intensive care unit (ICU). We also present the results of this technique in 89 head-injured patients and in eight patients with a malignant middle cerebral artery (MCA) infarction. One hundred and twenty-two cerebral microdialysis catheters were implanted in the 97 patients included in this study. One cerebral microdialysis catheter was implanted in the less damaged hemisphere of 67 head-injured patients with a diffuse brain injury. An additional microdialysis catheter was inserted in the pericontusional parenchyma of 22 patients with brain contusions. In five of the eight patients with a malignant MCA infarction, only one microdialysis probe was inserted in the penumbral zone. In the remaining three patients, two cerebral microdialysis catheters were implanted in the same hemisphere (one in the ischemic core and the other in the penumbra). Technical problems were detected in 18 (15%) of the 122 microdialysis catheters implanted and were more frequent during the initial period of using microdialysis in our unit. In four patients (3% of implanted catheters), follow-up computed tomography (CT) scans showed a small intracerebral blood collection (always ≤1 cc) around the microdialysis catheter. There were no microdialysis-related infections. In conclusion, percutaneous insertion of single or multiple microdialysis catheters in neurocritical patients by using twist drill craniostomy is feasible, fast, and safe. © Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
|Journal||Journal of Neurotrauma|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Oct 2006|
- Brain catheter implantation
- Cerebral microdialysis
- Head injury
- Percutaneous technique