Patterns of somatic uniparental disomy identify novel tumor suppressor genes in colorectal cancer

Keyvan Torabi, Rosa Miró, Nora Fernández-Jiménez, Isabel Quintanilla, Laia Ramos, Esther Prat, Javier del Rey, Núria Pujol, J. Keith Killian, Paul S. Meltzer, Pedro Luis Fernández, Thomas Ried, Juan José Lozano, Jordi Camps, Immaculada Ponsa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. Colorectal cancer (CRC) is characterized by specific patterns of copy number alterations (CNAs), which helped with the identification of driver oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes (TSGs). More recently, the usage of single nucleotide polymorphism arrays provided information of copy number neutral loss of heterozygosity, thus suggesting the occurrence of somatic uniparental disomy (UPD) and uniparental polysomy (UPP) events. The aim of this study is to establish an integrative profiling of recurrent UPDs/UPPs and CNAs in sporadic CRC. Our results indicate that regions showing high frequencies of UPD/UPP mostly coincide with regions typically involved in genomic losses. Among them, chromosome arms 3p, 5q, 9q, 10q, 14q, 17p, 17q, 20p, 21q and 22q preferentially showed UPDs/UPPs over genomic losses suggesting that tumor cells must maintain the disomic state of certain genes to favor cellular fitness. A meta-analysis using over 300 samples from The Cancer Genome Atlas confirmed our findings. Several regions affected by recurrent UPDs/UPPs contain well-known TSGs, as well as novel candidates such as ARID1A, DLC1, TCF7L2 and DMBT1. In addition, VCAN, FLT4, SFRP1 and GAS7 were also frequently involved in regions of UPD/UPP and displayed high levels of methylation. Finally, sequencing and fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis of the gene APC underlined that a somatic UPD event might represent the second hit to achieve biallelic inactivation of this TSG in colorectal tumors. In summary, our data define a profile of somatic UPDs/UPPs in sporadic CRC and highlights the importance of these events as a mechanism to achieve the inactivation of TSGs.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1103-1110
JournalCarcinogenesis
Volume36
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Aug 2015

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