Patient-reported allergies cause inferior outcomes after total knee arthroplasty

Pedro Hinarejos, Tulia Ferrer, Joan Leal, Raul Torres-Claramunt, Juan Sánchez-Soler, Joan Carles Monllau

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15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2015, European Society of Sports Traumatology, Knee Surgery, Arthroscopy (ESSKA). Purpose: The main objective of this study was to analyse the outcomes after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) of a group of patients with at least one self-reported allergy and a group of patients without reported allergies. We hypothesized there is a significant negative influence on clinical outcome scores after TKA in patients with self-reported allergies. Methods: Four-hundred and seventy-five patients who had undergone TKA were analysed preoperatively and 1 year after surgery. The WOMAC, KSS and SF-36 scores were obtained. The patients’ Yesavage depression questionnaire score was also recorded. The scores of the 330 (69.5 %) patients without self-reported allergies were compared to the scores of the 145 (30.5 %) patients with at least one self-reported allergy in the medical record. Results: Preoperative scores were similar in both groups. The WOMAC post-operative scores (23.6 vs 20.4; p = 0.037) and the KSS-Knee score (91.1 vs 87.6; p = 0.027) were worse in the group of patients with self-reported allergies than in the group without allergies. The scores from the Yesavage depression questionnaire and in the SF-36 were similar in both groups. Conclusion: Patients with at least one self-reported allergy have worse post-operative outcomes in terms of the WOMAC and KSS-Knee scores after TKA than patients without allergies. These poor outcomes do not seem to be related to depression. Therefore, more research is needed to explain them. Reported allergies could be considered a prognostic factor and used when counselling TKA patients. Level of evidence: I.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3242-3246
JournalKnee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy
Volume24
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2016

Keywords

  • Allergies
  • Depression
  • KSS
  • Outcomes
  • Total knee arthroplasty
  • WOMAC

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