The meiotic or mitotic origin of most cases of Turner syndrome remains unknown, due to the difficulty in detecting hidden mosaicisms and to the lack of meiotic segregation studies. We have had the opportunity to study one pair of monozygotic twins concordant for Turner syndrome of paternal origin. The paternal origin of the single X chromosome was determined by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification. No mosaicism was detected for the X or Y chromosome. In this case, a meiotic error during gametogenesis would be a likely origin of X monosomy. To determine if meiotic errors are more frequent in the father of these monozygotic twins concordant for Turner syndrome of paternal origin, molecular studies in spermatozoa were conducted to analyse sex chromosome numerical abnormalities. A total of 12,520 sperm nuclei from the twins' father and 85,338 sperm nuclei from eight normal donors were analysed using three-colour fluorescent in-situ hybridization. There were significant differences between the twins' father and control donors for XY disomy (0.22 versus 0.11%, P < 0.001 and total sex chromosome disomy (0.38 versus 0.21%, P < 0.001). These results could indicate an increased tendency to meiotic sex chromosome non-disjunction in the father of the Turner twins.
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 1999|
- Turner syndrome