Particle counting and microbiological air sampling: Results of the simultaneous use of both procedures in different types of hospital rooms

Lluís Armadans-Gil, Virginia Rodríguez-Garrido, Magda Campins-Martí, Julita Gil-Cuesta, Josep Vaqué-Rafart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: In order to assess the relationship between the concentrations of airborne fungi and particles, particle counting was combined with fungal air sampling in several rooms of a hospital. Methods: Concentrations of ≥0.5 μm particles (P05) and ≥1 μm particles (P1) were measured using a particle counter; fungal air sampling was performed with volumetric air samplers, which impacted air on Rodac plates with Sabouraud chloramphenicol agar. Particle counts were categorised according to ISO 14644-1 standard cut-off points; their association with fungal detection was assessed with Fisher's exact test. Results: Forty-two simultaneous samplings were carried out: 24 in operating rooms, 13 in rooms for burns or haematology patients, 3 in pharmacy clean rooms, and two in other procedure rooms. Filamentous fungi were recovered in 5 samples, which also had higher particle counts. No fungi were detected in 12 samplings with both P05 and P1 concentrations below the maximum for class 6 clean rooms; 4 of 7 samplings with both concentrations within the range for class 8 clean rooms were positive for fungi. The association between fungal detection and higher particle counts was statistically significant, both for P05 (p =.004) and P1 (p =.003). There was a partial overlap between the concentrations of particles of samplings which were positive or negative for fungi. Conclusions: There is a relationship between the concentrations of P05 and P1 and airborne fungi in hospital rooms. When both P05 and P1 concentrations are below the maximum for class 6 clean rooms, a negative fungal detection can be predicted. © 2011 Elsevier España, S.L. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)217-221
JournalEnfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiologia Clinica
Volume31
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2013

Keywords

  • Air quality
  • Bio-aerosol
  • Fungal air sampling
  • Microbiological air sampling
  • Particle counting

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