Parenting practices as mediating variables between parents’ psychopathology and oppositional defiant disorder in preschoolers

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Abstract

© 2014 Psicothema. Conclusions: Parents’ psychopathology must be explored and, in families where such psychopathology is a relevant variable, parenting practices must be addressed with a view to the prevention and treatment of children’s ODD in the preschool years.Method: A community sample of 622 children was assessed longitudinally at age 3 and age 5. Parents reported on children’s psychopathology through a diagnostic interview, and on their own psychological state and parenting style through questionnaires.Background: Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is very frequent in preschoolers. The severity and the long-term negative outcomes make the understanding of this disorder a priority. The goal in this study was to assess the mediating role of parenting practices in the relationship between parents’ psychopathology and ODD in preschoolers.Results: At ages 3 and 5, corporal punishment mediated the relationships between mothers’ anxiety-depression and ODD (in girls), between mothers’ aggressive behavior and ODD (in boys), and between parents’ rule-breaking and ODD both in boys and girls. For both sexes, there was a direct association between mothers’ aggressive behavior score and ODD. The association between fathers’ psychopathology and ODD was not mediated by the fathers’ parenting practices. Fathers’ anxietydepression and aggressive behavior scores were directly associated with ODD.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)497-504
JournalPsicothema
Volume26
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014

Keywords

  • Oppositional defiant disorder
  • Parental psychopathology
  • Parenting
  • Preschoolers

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