Parasitosis by helminth species and protozoa in birds of prey

E. M. Lopez, J. F.G. Galindo, J. C. Espuny, D. F. Bermejo

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleResearchpeer-review

    1 Citation (Scopus)


    Parasites are amongst the most common problems in the management of captive birds. In spite of the fact that parasites do not usually cause severe damage in a direct manner to their hosts, they may act as coadjuvants of other pathogens such as bacteria and virus either by impairing the host's natural defenses, or by debilitating them when present in great numbers. In other cases, however, parasites cause life-threatening disorders. Thus, parasitic diseases produced by nematodes such as Capillaria spp. and Serratospiculum sp. or protozoa such as Trichomonas gallinae are of great importance in birds of prey. The most important parasites affecting raptors are described in this paper. Their biological cycles, pathogenic role and treatment are discussed. The diagnostic parasitological techniques are also reviewed.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)657-674
    JournalMedicina Veterinaria
    Issue number12
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 1997


    • Birds of prey
    • Parasites
    • Parasitic diseases
    • Raptors


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