Painting-91: A large scale database for computational painting categorization

Fahad Shahbaz Khan, Shida Beigpour, Joost Van De Weijer, Michael Felsberg

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    104 Citations (Scopus)


    Computer analysis of visual art, especially paintings, is an interesting cross-disciplinary research domain. Most of the research in the analysis of paintings involve medium to small range datasets with own specific settings. Interestingly, significant progress has been made in the field of object and scene recognition lately. A key factor in this success is the introduction and availability of benchmark datasets for evaluation. Surprisingly, such a benchmark setup is still missing in the area of computational painting categorization. In this work, we propose a novel large scale dataset of digital paintings. The dataset consists of paintings from 91 different painters. We further show three applications of our dataset namely: artist categorization, style classification and saliency detection. We investigate how local and global features popular in image classification perform for the tasks of artist and style categorization. For both categorization tasks, our experimental results suggest that combining multiple features significantly improves the final performance. We show that state-of-the-art computer vision methods can correctly classify 50 % of unseen paintings to its painter in a large dataset and correctly attribute its artistic style in over 60 % of the cases. Additionally, we explore the task of saliency detection on paintings and show experimental findings using state-of-the-art saliency estimation algorithms. © 2014 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1385-1397
    JournalMachine Vision and Applications
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014


    • Image classification
    • Painting categorization
    • Visual features


    Dive into the research topics of 'Painting-91: A large scale database for computational painting categorization'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this